[213] The Welsh Intermediate Education Act of 1889 created 95 secondary schools. River fish of note include char, eel, salmon, shad, sparling and Arctic char, whilst the gwyniad is unique to Wales, found only in Bala Lake. [281] Initially excluded, religious denominations came to dominate the competitions, with bardic themes becoming scriptural and didactic. Most of the increase came in the coal mining districts, especially Glamorganshire, which grew from 71,000 in 1801 to 232,000 in 1851 and 1,122,000 in 1911. States/Regions in Wales: Cardiff: Biggest Cities: Swansea: Biggest Cities: Rhondda Cynon Taff: Biggest Cities: … [341] Wales-based regional daily newspapers include: Daily Post (which covers north Wales); South Wales Evening Post (Swansea); South Wales Echo (Cardiff); and South Wales Argus (Newport). Feral goats can be found in Snowdonia. [10][107] Constitutionally, the UK is a de jure unitary state, its parliament and government in Westminster. [269] Other sources of Welsh folklore include the 9th-century Latin historical compilation Historia Britonum (the History of the Britons) and Geoffrey of Monmouth's 12th-century Latin chronicle Historia Regum Britanniae (the History of the Kings of Britain), and later folklore, such as The Welsh Fairy Book by W. Jenkyn Thomas. [121] In the United States Congress, legislators with Welsh heritage and interests in Wales have established the Friends of Wales Caucus. [55] The Welsh continued to call themselves Brythoniaid (Brythons or Britons) well into the Middle Ages, though the first written evidence of the use of Cymru and y Cymry is found in a praise poem to Cadwallon ap Cadfan (Moliant Cadwallon, by Afan Ferddig) c. By the late 18th century, the popularity of landscape art grew and clients were found in the larger Welsh towns, allowing more Welsh artists to stay in their homeland. [301] The red dragon was then included in the Tudor royal arms to signify their Welsh descent. Today, mammals include shrews, voles, badgers, otters, stoats, weasels, hedgehogs and fifteen species of bat. Since the 1980s, net migration has generally been inward, and has contributed more to population growth than natural change. Obituaries. [283] In poetry R. S. Thomas (1913–2000) was the most important figure throughout the second half of the twentieth century. [340], Most of the newspapers sold and read in Wales are national newspapers available throughout Britain. In the House of Commons – the lower house of the UK Parliament – Wales is represented by 40 MPs (out of 650) from Welsh constituencies. [152] Wartime action caused losses near Holyhead, Milford Haven and Swansea. Although Wales is joined with England by land, and is part of Great Britain, Wales is a country in its own right. [102] The National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was set up in 1999 (under the Government of Wales Act 1998) with the power to determine how Wales' central government budget is spent and administered, although the UK Parliament reserved the right to set limits on its powers. [39] Archaeological evidence, in the Low Countries and what was to become England, shows early Anglo-Saxon migration to Great Britain reversed between 500 and 550, which concurs with Frankish chronicles. [183] Cardiff was once the largest coal-exporting port in the world and, for a few years before the First World War, handled a greater tonnage of cargo than either London or Liverpool. [221] In 2018–2019, the country had 468,398 pupils taught by 23,593 full-time equivalent teachers. [120] The United States has also established a caucus to build direct relations with Wales. [118] A referendum on extending the law-making powers of the then National Assembly was held on 3 March 2011 and secured a majority for extension. The Mountains of England & Wales - Volume 1: Wales (2nd edition ed.). [153], The first border between Wales and England was zonal, apart from around the River Wye, which was the first accepted boundary. Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Wales Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Wales Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Wales. [99], By the end of the 1960s, the regional policy of bringing businesses into disadvantaged areas of Wales through financial incentives had proven very successful in diversifying the industrial economy. The midpoint of the elite above freezing 296 ] and Geraint Thomas 212 Formal... Channel has broadcast exclusively in Welsh no longer occurs also established a to... 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