Hemp can be used as a "mop crop" to clear impurities out of wastewater, such as sewage effluent, excessive phosphorus from chicken litter, or other unwanted substances or chemicals. [128] In July 1605, Samuel Champlain reported the use of grass and hemp clothing by the (Wampanoag) people of Cape Cod and the (Nauset) people of Plymouth Bay told him they harvested hemp in their region where it grew wild to a height of 4 to 5 ft. Additionally, hemp is being used to clean contaminants at the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site, by way of a process which is known as phytoremediation—the process of clearing radioisotopes and a variety of other toxins from the soil, water, and air. Hemp oil is non-toxic and not harmful to the environment. Hemp paper does not require the use of toxic bleaching or as many chemicals as wood pulp because it can be whitened with hydrogen peroxide. Hemp paper are paper varieties consisting exclusively or to a large extent from pulp obtained from fibers of industrial hemp. Recently, new high-speed kinematic decortication has come about, capable of separating hemp into three streams; bast fiber, hurd, and green microfiber. House JD, Neufeld J, Leson G. Evaluating the quality of protein from hemp seed (Cannabis sativa L.) products through the use of the protein digestibility-corrected amino acid score method. While the Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 had just been signed into law, the United States Department of Agriculture lifted the tax on hemp cultivation during WW II. The effect of dietary hempseed on atherogenesis and contractile function in aortae from hypercholesterolemic rabbits. Various car makers are beginning to use hemp in their cars, including Audi, BMW, Ford, GM, Chrysler, Honda, Iveco, Lotus, Mercedes, Mitsubishi, Porsche, Saturn, Volkswagen[38] and Volvo. With the capability to be used to produce crucial resources such as rope, clothing, paper, and more, hemp has been the catalyst for man’s earliest innovations. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. He ordered the creation of the Royal Linen and Hemp Factory in the town of Torre de Moncorvo to increase production and support the effort. [31] Designed by Modece Architects,[32] who pioneered hemp's use in UK construction, the hemp houses were monitored in comparison with other standard dwellings by BRE. Statistic for the European Union for 2008 to 2010 say that the average yield of hemp straw has varied between 6.3 and 7.3 ton per ha. Hemp is environmentally friendly and does not require excess fertilizers or pesticides. The cut hemp is laid in swathes to dry for up to four days. United States "Marihuana" production permit. Food Chem. Human societies have been using hemp fibers for clothing and other materials for over 10,000 years. The most commonly used parts of the hemp plant can be broken down into two categories, seed and stalk. Hemp is the common name for plants of the entire genus Cannabis. Mechanical harvesting is now common, using specially adapted cutter-binders or simpler cutters. Saberivand A, Karimi I, Becker LA, et al. Traditionally, hemp fiber was (and is) a very coarse fiber … [63], Millennia of selective breeding have resulted in varieties that display a wide range of traits; e.g. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. A considerable portion of hemp products falls into the category of food. 2019;10(10):6732-6739. Typically, these plastics are made by removing the fibers from the hemp stems, leaving a product that is largely cellulose, which can be used to make biodegradable plastic. [111] This program allowed institutions of higher education and state agricultural departments to begin growing hemp without the consent of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). Hemp benefits crops grown after it. [95], In the early 1990s, industrial hemp agriculture in North America began with the Hemp Awareness Committee at the University of Manitoba. The word "canvas" is derived from the word cannabis. Hemp was also used for health purposes in ancient times, with the first recorded such use of hemp coming from China in 2600 B.C. Stadtmauer G, Beyer K, Bardina L, Sicherer SH. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial use. In 2018, New York began taking strides in industrial hemp production, along with hemp research pilot programs at Cornell University, Binghamton University and SUNY Morrisville. Richard MN, Ganguly R, Steigerwald SN, Al-Khalifa A, Pierce GN. Share on Pinterest. [99] 70–80% of the hemp fibre produced in 2003 was used for specialty pulp for cigarette papers and technical applications. Stalk are used for manufacturing insulation products, fiber Board and erosion mats. 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