A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not a physical demarcated entity. study of the atoms and molecules that make up different substances. Athens, Greece. B.L. McDonald’s expanded into such a global company that its scale and impact on other cultures is huge. In order to survive, all societies have to adapt to the opportunities and constraints that their environment presents for them, given their current culture (Butzer 1990, Moran 1991). So whenever we ask whether a society is well-adapted to its environment, we should always ask whose perspective that judgment is coming from. A Vocabulary List for AP Human Geography Martha Sharma Retired teacher Hilton Head, South Carolina Unit III. Mathews, and W.B. Rather than looking for complete information before beginning to decide how to adapt to an environmental condition, adaptive management aims to generate information through attempts to adapt. He also argued that the culture hearths (source areas) of plant domestication must have been located in places naturally endowed … Ward, pp. Indeed, the Norse name for all the native people of the Americas was "skrælingjar," which means "wretches" -- implying that their way of life was nasty and poor, and not worthy of emulation. In what cases may a Choropleth Map be used? The second theme of geography as defined by GENIP; reciprocal relationship between humans and environment. Why the West Rules -- For Now: The Patterns of History, and What They Reveal About the Future. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, environmental determinism was the dominant theory in geography. Culture, Politics and the Non-Human. In particular, the cooling climate made it more difficult to procure land-based foods like cattle. When people have incorrect ideas about the environment but by coincidence happen to practice a well-adapted way of life, there is always a risk that a change in circumstances will make the old adaptation into a maladaptation. In Vikings: The North Atlantic Saga, ed. Today, some of the most successful solutions to environmental problems have come from finding ways to combine science and TEK, drawing on the complementary strengths of both kinds of knowledge (Kendrick 2003). The study of human adaptations to social and physical environments. In such a theory, any human or social phenomenon of interest can be explained by pointing to some fact about the environment. The spread of an innovation or idea through a population in an area in such a way that the number of those influenced grows continuously larger, resulting in tan exploding area of dissemination. ... cultural ecology: Definition. Judkins, Gabriel, Marissa Smith, and Eric Keys. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. The fourth theme of geography as defined by GENIP; uniqueness of a location. France is more likely to have a closer and fore frequent relationship with Germany than it is with China. Sequential diffusion process in which the items being diffused are transmitted by their carrier agents as they evacuate the old areas and relocate to new ones. Throughout the history of modern social science, two extreme opposite positions have been tempting pitfalls for thinkers: environmental determinism and environment-as-backdrop. AP Human Geography Unit 3 Terms (Culture and Identity) questionCulture answerA group's way of life, including the shared system of social meanings, values and relations that is transmitted between generations Culture unit vocab. What is Nature? a year ago. Fikret Berkes, Johan Colding, and Carl Folke, 241-267. Cultural Adaptation: Definition. Satellite based system for determining the absolute location of places pr geographic features. A collection of computer hard-ware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stated, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user. One popular version held that climatic conditions directly affected human psychology, which in turn determined social outcomes. Thus, the environment does provide opportunities and constraints to people -- but which precise opportunities and constraints they are depends on the culture of the society in question (Sahlins 1964, Morris 2010). Ex. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Morris, Ian 2010. Scientific American 225: 116-132. ... A form of diffusion in which a cultural adaptation is created as a result of the introduction of a cultural trait from another place. The idea of environment-as-backdrop holds that the natural environment has little or no direct effect on human societies. Title. Environmentalism or Environmental Determinism, Formal Region/Uniform Region/Homogeneous Region. Some time after that, the ancestors of today's Greenland Inuit moved into southern part of the island, bringing with them adaptations to the cold northern climates of Canada's Arctic Archipelago and northern Greenland. Cultural Realm: Definition. Cultural ecology is the study of relationships between human cultures and the environment, or how people interact with each other because of their environmental context. This is important to Human Geography because many names mean significant things including beliefs of … Clinging to cattle-based subsistence served the medium-term interests of the chieftains at the expense of the short-term interests of the commoners and the long-term interests of Norse society as a whole. Philadelphia: Taylor and Francis. This means that you normally get one major innovation per species. Because of this, sociologists who believe that the environment's effects are important have had to struggle to get their ideas accepted by their discipline. Students employ spatial concepts and landscape analysis to examine human social organization and its environmental consequences. Adaptive management insists on extensive monitoring of the effects of policy choices so that we know what happens when we catch a certain amount of fish, or apply a certain fertilizer mix, or conduct controlled burns at a certain time interval. The start up of farming across many ancient civilizations across the world. Maps that show the absolute location of places and geographic features determined by a frame typically latitude and longitude. The spatial spreading or dissemination of a culture element (such as technological innovation) or some other phenomenon such as a disease outbreak. In AP® Human Geography, unit 3 covers culture including diffusion, religion, language, race, and ethnicity. … Greenland was a similar enough environment that the Norse could initially thrive. The demise of Norse Greenland. The area where an idea or cultural trait originates. Kates, J.F. new people adapt to the culture of the previously existing people. As you are reviewing for this unit, focus on the key concepts! Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) is knowledge about how the environment works that has been accumulated through generations of experience with a particular environment (Berkes 1999). Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. Sahlins, Marshall D. 1964. A classic example that illustrates the complexities of adaptation is the contrasting fates of the Norse and Inuit in Greenland (McGovern 2000). 1995. On the other hand, there are thinkers who insist that science has no place in understanding the environment because its abstraction makes it invalid (Deloria 1995). 10. This is the frequency or occurrence of something. core-periphery idea that houses main economic power of a region and the outlying region or periphery houses lesser economic ties. 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