According to the ICH guidelines for stability studies, the climate of the world is divided into five different zones. 32 individual meteorological stations of Pakistan by using the 1931-60 normal climatic data maintained by the Pakistan Meteorological Department by taking into account the Köppen, Trewartha and Thornthwaite climate classification systems. Temperature. Humidity. Averages are for Balakot, which is 10 miles from Mansehra. 65% rH ± 5% rH. Zone I. This study reveals that almost 87% of Pakistan is in extremely arid to semi‐arid zones, a 5% decrease in over the last 30 years (1981–2010). Pakistan Weather, climate and geography Weather and climate Best time to visit. Geography and Climate of Pakistan . Pakistan does have a monsoon season with adequate rainfall, and a dry season with less rainfall. 12 Months. Zone IV. The Environment and Climate Change Outlook of Pakistan is a review of the environmental conditions, the impacts of climate change and the status of national response to the changing situation in the country. Observational data of precipitation and evapotranspiration were used to determine the agro‐climatic zone during the period 1951–2010. Minimum Duration. 45% rH ± 5% rH. About Pakistan Studies : History (2059/01) : The Cambridge O Level Pakistan Studies syllabus introduces learners to the history, culture, geography, environment and development of Pakistan. Equatorial Climatic Region (10 0 N to 10 0 S). Khan, S.H.H Shah, M.A. 12 Months. 2. Displaying top 8 worksheets found for - Climate Zones. stability studies give the shelf life of the drug or the product. In history, they learn about Pakistan’s rich heritage and cultural influences, and about the events which have shaped national identity, from the decline of Mughal power up to 1999. Geography varies across the country, shaping the great variation in the country’s climate. The climate is different in all the countries in the world. Pakistan’s greenhouse gases emissions have doubled in last 2 decades. Situated in South Asia, Pakistan’s ecoregions are home to a wide range of flora and fauna. Unpredictable climate remains dominant over long periods. 35% rH ± 5% rH. These are: Dry tropical forest vegetation Dry sub-tropical sub-mountainous vegetation Dry Temperate forests vegetation Moist temperature forest vegetation Sub –Alpine and Alpine vegetation Dry Tropical Forest Vegetation given the different climatic conditions in the world, climatic zones are defined and classified. hence it is crucial to know the storage conditions. climatic zones of Himalayan forests of Pakistan. The ˚˛˝˛ fl ood killed ˝,˙˛˛ people and caused around ˆ˝˛ billion in damage. The vegetation in Pakistan is divided into five categories on the basis of climate, altitude and plant types. In much of Pakistan, the climate is tropical or subtropical, semi-arid or desert, but in the north there are also: an area near the mountains which is quite rainy, a cold mountainous area, and a frigid area on the peaks of the Himalayas. On a global scale, Pakistan ranks 135th in per capita GHG emissions in the world. The major climatic regions of the world are discussed below: 1. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Islamabad. Zone III. Refrigerated. For this purpose dataset comprising 30 years for the period 1976 to 2005 were acquired from 30 75% rH ± 5% rH. Spring from March to May is hot and dry. : Species diversity and vegetation structure from different climatic zones of Tehsil Harighel, Bagh, Azad Kasmir, Pakistan analysed through multivariate techniques - 5193 - APPLIED ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 16(4): 5193-5211. Stability studies of the pharmaceutical drug should be done according to the climatic conditions of the country. […] This location is classified as Cwa by Köppen and Geiger. Introduction: The total area of Pakistan is 79.6 Million hectares and the cultivated area is about 27% and out of this 27% the 80% area is irrigated. CLIMATE CHANGE PROFILE OF PAKISTAN Climate Change Profi le of Pakistan Catastrophic fl oods, droughts, and cyclones have plagued Pakistan in recent years. A threefold increase in food crop production during the past thirty years has been made possible by a thirteenfold increase in fertilizer use. Pakistan map of Köppen climate classification. 30ºC ± 2ºC. The average annual temperature is 21.3 °C | … The ˚˛˝ˇ Karachi heat wave led to the death of more than ˝,˚˛˛ people. (iii) The climate may also be a factor for discontinuity in distribution of species. Pakistan has drafted its National Climate Change Policy in 2012. Geological Survey of Pakistan. Climate data and weather averages in Mansehra. 12 Months. Pakistan’s climate ranges from tropical to temperate. The Indus Basin of Pakistan : the impacts of climate risks on water and agriculture / Winston Yu, Yi-Chen Yang, Andre Savitsky, Donald Alford, Casey Brown, James Wescoat, Dario Debowicz, and Sherman Robinson. Zone II. Pakistan's climate is a continental type of climate, characterized by extreme variations in temperature, both seasonally and daily, because it is located on a great landmass north of the Tropic of Cancer (between latitudes 25° and 36° N). 25ºC ± 2ºC. Climate ranges from mild winters and hot, dry summers in the north to semi-arid and arid zones in the west and the south. p. cm. Pakistan is agriculture country about 66% people of Pakistan depend on agriculture, Pakistan lies b/w latitudes 24-37 N and longitudes 61-76 E, If we talking about climate … Plants having specific climatic requirements are found in widely separated areas with similar environmental conditions, as for example, plants of arctic regions are also found in alpine zone of … it also outlines the storage condition for the drug substance. Weather refers to the state of the atmospher e over an area at any point of time. 65-70% of country’s population is … Includes bibliographical references. The framework project was designed to produce a wide-ranging geologic data base for the coal-producing areas in the Potwar area of northern Pakistan and will, the authors hope, serve as a model for other multi-disciplinary geologic studies in Pakistan. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Factors that influence climate work 1, Weather and climate, Exploring world climate zones, Weather climate, Work 1 what i know about climate zones, Teaching notes, Weather and climate work, Climates climate zones. Pakistan is a land of high mountains, fertile river valleys, and inhospitable deserts. 12 Months. However, after the 18 th amendment in the constitution of Pakistan, the subject of Environment was devolved to the Provinces. 21ºC ± 2ºC. In addition, the Karakoram Range, one of the world's highest mountain ranges, is in the north and northwest part of the country. Akhlaq et al. Major Climatic Regions of the world. Pakistan has three seasons: winter (November to March) is warm and cooled by sea breezes on the coast; summer (April to July) has extreme temperatures and the monsoon season (July to … In this paper, the study was conducted across the country to assess the rainfall trend in different climate zones of Pakistan over the past three decades. by studying about the climate of India. ISBN 978-0-8213-9874-6 — ISBN 978-0-8213-9875-3 (electronic) 1. In the coastal south you’ll find arid conditions. Annual Weather Averages Near Mansehra. Pakistan is the second largest country in South Asia and mainly comprises dry or cold areas with low production potential. A cool, dry winter runs from December to February. Based on floristic composition and importance value, 24 different communities and 4 monospecific forest vegetations were recognized. Arid regions are highly vulnerable and sensitive to drought. Chaudhry and Rasul, 2004 did the Agro-climatic classification of Pakistan by applying a modified Thornthwaite Administratively, Ladakh is divided between Pakistan (northwest) and India (southeast); in addition, China administers portions of northeastern Ladakh. 30ºC ± 2ºC. Climate. Pakistan has a varied topography that consists of the flat, Indus plain in the east and the Balochistan plateau in the west. The Indus Valley ecoregion is the only one that lies entirely in Pakistan while the rest are shared with its neighbors such as India and Nepal.. Ecological Regions Of Pakistan Its objective is to provide a general evaluation of the quality of environment and emerging sustainable development trends in the country. Pakistan has a population of over 150 million people, growing at an annual rate of 2 percent, with almost a third living below the poverty level. AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES of Punjab PAKISTAN 2019 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 2019 By: A. Ahmad, M.R. The study estimated the Palfai drought index by using metrological data of 50 weather stations over the period of 1981-2010. Physically Pakistan is divided into 4 provinces, those are Punjab, Sindh, Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Climatic changes—Pakistan. Definition and storage conditions for the four climatic zones Climatic zone Definition Storage condition I II III IV temperate climate subtropical and Mediterranean climates hot, dry climate hot, humid climate 21°C/45% r.h. 25°C/60% r.h. 30°C/35% r.h. 30°C/70% r.h. 1. Summer from June to September is rainy. The crops cultivated in arid zones are at high risk due to the high evapotranspiration and water demands. 12 Months. Climate refers to the sum total of weather conditions and variations over a large area for a long period of time (more than thirty years). The agriculture sector is the victim of abrupt climate change in a country. introduction. Zone IVb. agro-climatic zones in Pakistan. The highest point in Pakistan is K-2 Mountain, which is 8611m above Sea Level and Pakistan has the Deepest Level that is 6500m. Climatic Zone. Islamabad climate summary The Islamabad lies on 545m above sea level In Islamabad, the climate is warm and temperate. You may also read the Total Area of Pakistan, that is 796,096KM and Longitude and Latitude as well. Ladakh, large area of the northern and eastern Kashmir region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent and one of the highest regions of the world. 60% rH ± 5% rH. 1 Climate change and r unoff contribution by hydrological zones of cryosphere catchment of Indus River, Pakistan Kashif Jamal 1,2, Shakil Ahma d4, Xin Li 1,3, Muhammad Rizwan 1,2, Hongyi Li 1,2, Jiao jiao Feng 1,2 1Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geospatial Science, Northwest Institute of Eco -Environment and Resources, Chinese 5 Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, 730000, China 30ºC ± 2ºC. Description. 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